Category: Uncategorized

Links for Assignment 0 for IE655

  1. Assignment 0:                           https://prashanthmuralidhar.wordpress.com/2016/02/01/my-plm-digital-design-manufacturing/
  2. Social Networking Articles: https://prashanthmuralidhar.wordpress.com/2016/01/30/manufacturing-trends-to-watch-in-2016/                       https://prashanthmuralidhar.wordpress.com/2016/01/30/more-manufacturing-cyber-attacks-in-the-year-ahead/ https://prashanthmuralidhar.wordpress.com/2016/01/30/is-reshoring-dead/
  3. Executive Summary: https://prashanthmuralidhar.wordpress.com/2016/02/01/executive-summaries-for-assignment-0/
Advertisements

Executive Summaries for Assignment 0

  1. More Manufacturing Cyber Attacks in The Year Ahead:

This was always on the cards, greater the advancement in technology greater is the opportunity for hackers to hack the systems. There are many industries where they do not know the value of a very good network built with good security. These people in order to cut down the spending, opt for a network with lesser security which is available at a lower price and pay a much heavier price when the network is hacked. So, people show think about the long term future and spend a little more on secured networks.                               It is also essential for many users of the technology to have some minimal knowledge about the ways a technology or a network that can be hacked by the hackers. People should be aware of the common ways that the hackers use and try to extract information from people who do not know how the hackers go about their business.

 

  1. Is Reshoring Dead?

This trend shows that many countries have enough infrastructure and resources to substitute a cheap labor manufacturing firms. Some of the eastern countries like Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Malaysia have certainly eased companies of depending on China. India now has some of the biggest manufacturing units with great infrastructure and state of the art facilities to manufacture goods with six sigma quality.                             Just imagine when a nation gets the goods manufactured from different countries, makes no intent to get a production plant out here in the US. This reduces the number of skilled labors available in the US. Suddenly when many firms feel outsourcing the manufacturing processes are less cost effective, how can the sudden increase for skilled laborers can be met?

 

  1. Manufacturing Trends to Watch in 2016:

If we read this article, this year will be very exciting and challenging for the company heads and also the experienced techies. The kind of new technologies that will engulf in the coming years will make people to embrace new techniques. The 3d printing technology, sophisticated cyber networks which prevents the data being hacked, Internet of Things are some of the technologies which most people are looking forward to.             I feel the technology keeps on advancing and one should always update the technology so that it is always beneficial for them. Some of the new technology such as 3D printing technology takes the manufacturing industries to a new level altogether. Also, better the technology, the flip side will be the hackers also will be upgrading their skills and find new ways to hack a system. So, the cyber security plays an important role here.

My PLM / Digital Design & Manufacturing

Prashanth Bangaloremuralidhar

12565529_10153930168074297_4010202781632322931_n

eLearning Pack ID: IE655-Spring 2016-36-06

WEGA AUTO PARTS PRIVATE LIMITED

Our Collaborations:

Canon:

Trollback_Cannon_12

Some of our shop floors are fit in with high cameras to capture the images of the components that are being manufactured at various stages to identify the defects clearly and also the specialized CCTV cameras are maintained for the safety of the employees and also as a part of overall surveillance to prevent untoward incidents within the premises. Also the premises uses other Canon products such as the printers, scanners and other office consumables.

Niagara Cutters:

NiagaraCutter

The cutters that are used in our company is provided by Niagara cutters. The milling and drilling operations are performed by Niagara cutters. They are perhaps one of the best cutters available and it has been very useful for our company.

 

Leoni:

leoni-tunisie

Leoni provides industrial solutions for many top companies and we are one of those companies who have benefitted using their solutions. Some of the most helpful solutions provided by them are the defect detection and cable chain drag systems.

Schmaltz:

Schmalz

Our company uses the innovative clamping technology provided by Schmalz for our CNC machines. This is one of the innovative solution and it has enhanced our machining time in CNC machines.

 

WEGA AUTO PARTS PRIVATE LIMITED

Our company is one of the highly exclusive band of engineering companies that builds its own CNC-SPMs, allowing its customers to benefit from a dual advantage – cost-effectiveness and enhanced machining capabilities. Its vast machine pool and an expert engineering team with the highest level of technical and professional competence produce products that are complex and meet the high quality standard of its customers. Its product portfolio encompasses components ranging from 15 gms – 12 kgs such as to crank shaft assemblies, Rocker arms, Gear shifter forks, Common Rail, Connecting rods, etc. Some of the components that have been manufactured in our firm are connecting rod, rocker arms and crankshafts.

Our Mission is to contribute towards Green and Sustainable Environment. We do our bit towards this by having constructed a Green buildings in our premises. The corporate office, engineering division are platinum rated buildings. We have solar water heater installed in all the buildings along with a huge water treatment plant built to treat the water which is polluted from our machining processes. Also there is a scrap yard to make sure the rejected components are either reworked or given a new shape so that the metals are not wasted.

Strategic Plan – with a CE/PLM with a lean, green sustainable practices:

The Company’s strategic plans in order to achieve 100% quality in our components with a strong focus on lean, green and sustainable focus are:

The focus on customer is very important as that drives our business. In order to achieve this 100% customer satisfaction is very important and we reach out to our customers to know their requirements and give them the best possible product with a zeal to excel their requirements. We also maintain a long term commitment with our customers which makes us to reach out to new customers and retaining our regular customers.

Our company is quality obsessed and we always meet or exceed the customer satisfaction. This means at all levels there is a constant urge to improve on quality. We use lean six sigma and best industrial practices in order to achieve this.

We use scientific approach in order to make decisions, solving problems and also structuring the work which shows that we use hard data to establish benchmarks, monitor the performance and making the improvements.

We constantly thrive in continually improving our products and the improvement takes place at all departments and across all personnel. We educate and train our staff quite often which ensures we continually improve in all our processes.

We encourage our employees and empower them to bring out their solutions for problems faced in the company. This ensures more brains bring out many ideas and there are many innovative ideas are brought to the fore. This gives the employees the freedom to express their concerns and also the solution to many such issues.

This freedom feeds of a team culture in our organization which encourages teamwork and unites all employees. This is a very vital aspect of our organization.

 

Budget For Next Year:

Building $5,000,000
Infrastructure required for Production $2,000,000
Raw Materials $3,300,000
Advertisement and Marketing $800,000
Transportation $1,600,000
Office Supplies $200,000
Salaries to employees $2,500,000

 

Important Metrics that are tracked:

Each and every metric gives important information for any organization. There are certain metrics which are very important and shows the health of the organization instantly. Some of the important metrics in our organization are:

Inventory Turn over                                                                                                       Inventory Days                                                                                                                     Accounts Receivable Turnover                                                                                             Time to Market                                                                                                                       Average development cost per product                                                                               Sales Revenue                                                                                                                     Dollars spent on advertisement                                                                                           Track customer complaints                                                                                               Manufacturing cycle time                                                                                                   Number of rejections                                                                                                       Number of reworked components                                                                                   Percentage of equipment down time                                                                                     Return on Sales                                                                                                                       Return on Assets

 

Management Objective with A CE/PLM and Green focus:

Employee empowerment:                                                                                                          An employee is given the responsibility of a particular process. Anything that happens in that particular process, the empowered employee or the employee who is responsible is the one who is held responsible for the happenings. This responsibility or ownership of the process brings in urgency and also tendency to continually improve processes, products and services to strive for customer delight. This is nothing but empowering the employee with the responsibility of the entire process and also the signature of the employee for clearing that process brings in that empowerment. This makes the employee as much responsible and care about their work much as CEO of the organization.

Team Culture:                                                                                                                  Building a team creates more opportunities for team members to work in cooperation with each other, share the work among the team, builds trust among the members, promotes better communication skills, multiplies the potential of individual members, creates a healthy challenge within the team, it promotes mutual support for the team members and also allows participation of each individual.

Rewards for employees:                                                                                                            An organization’s attempts to institutionalize teamwork fails unless it includes implementation of an appropriate compensation system. Employees are still compensated as individuals. The most successful compensation systems combine both individual and team pay.

Process approach:                                                                                                                          Recognize that things accomplished are the results of processes and that processes along with related activities and resources must be managed.

System approach to management:                                                                                               The multiple interrelated processes that contribute to the organization’s effectiveness are a system and should be managed as a system.

Continual improvement:                                                                                                              It should be a permanent objective applied to the organization and to its people, processes, systems and products.

Factual approach to decision making:                                                                                  Decisions must be based on the analysis of accurate, relevant and reliable data and information.

Mutually beneficial supplier relationships:                                                                          Both the organization and the supplier benefiting from the others resources and knowledge results in value for all.

 

Key Processes:

The name of our company suggests the kind of products we specialize in and we are one of the leading manufacturers of the Auto parts in the entire automobile industry.

We have an enthusiastic and smart working Sales team with the zeal to succeed at the highest level. We use innovative methods to sell our product using new marketing techniques. To get recognized globally we have developed a very sophisticated website which has a user friendly interface to make sure all the information that are required to our prospective customers are readily available to them instantly.

The organization has state of the art facilities and the latest techniques for producing components of highest quality. We strive for 100% quality using latest robotic technologies used in the industry and also very good quality chain supply system provided by Leoni. Also the quality department ensures we reach our motto of 100% quality.

We serve our customers to the very best. We look after needs of the customers and give the best in order to get the products according to their requirement. We constantly try to improve and offer better facilities and often exceed the expectations of our customers.

In order to satisfy our customers we adhere to the ISO 9001:2015 and will be update it to the next ISO version once the newer version is out. There are modern machining facilities used in the organization to get the product with highest quality and in a quick time. This ensures we follow Six Sigma, Jidoka, Lean and Sustainable green practice in our organization.

Our premises is totally energy efficient, the power supply to the lighting of the organization is through the solar chargers that has been installed throughout the industry and it also heats the water lines in the organization. Apart from the manufacturing plants, the design block and administrative block are green building with platinum rating. There is a water treatment plant which recycles the water used in the production line and used for the domestic purposes inside the organization. This reduces the carbon footprint and also eliminates the possibility of water contamination. The hot air coming out from the chimneys are treated to remove harmful gases and also chimneys are quite to let the air high in the atmosphere so that it reduces the air pollution.

 

Sustainable Green Focus:

WEGA Auto Parts Private Limited have a strong focus to ensure the organization keeps the environment healthy for all the living beings. To ensure this, the organization does not allow the contaminated water to join the major water bodies. Instead the contaminated water is recycled in the water recycle unit which is inside the premises and use this water for all domestic purposes. Also we have large rain water harvesting tanks which collect the water that flows out in the drain pipes during rain and filter it out and lets it into the ground water. This ensures the water table stays healthy nearby the organization campus. Also, the campus has lot of solar chargers which ensures the power provided for the lighting circuits is entirely through the power generated by the solar panels. Also, the air emitted from the chimneys are treated and eliminated of harmful gases before letting it into atmosphere at a relatively high altitude. The other metallic wastes and e-wastes are treated within the organization and segregated properly so that it does not pollute the environment. Also, we try to reduce the industrial wastes and specifically the electronic gadgets which are no longer useful for the organization are offered at free of cost to the employees so that there are no unnecessary e-waste generated.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YZNpNlI0fWA                      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Fi7tY273O7w                    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LcFjTrVNJxY                    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5DLIQcB-YWg                  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_gwpcGBCuUo                      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2O8Yv5U7_PY

 

References:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Product_lifecycle                                                                       YouTube videos of Dr.Paul Ranky                                                   https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YZNpNlI0fWA                      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Fi7tY273O7w                    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LcFjTrVNJxY                    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5DLIQcB-YWg                  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_gwpcGBCuUo                      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2O8Yv5U7_PY                                                                  eBook of IE655 Spring: eLearning Pack ID: IE655-Spring 2016-36-06                                   A book by by David.L.Goetsch and Stanley.B.Davis, Quality Management for Organizational Excellence

 

 

Manufacturing Trends to Watch in 2016

http://www.gilcommunity.com/blog/manufacturing-trends-watch-2016/

If we read this article, this year will be very exciting and challenging for the company heads and also the experienced techies. The kind of new technologies that will engulf in the coming years will make people to embrace new techniques. The 3d printing technology, sophisticated cyber networks which prevents the data being hacked, Internet of Things are some of the technologies which most people are looking forward to.

Also the US presidential elections slated at the end of the year may not bear any impact technologically this year.

More Manufacturing Cyber Attacks in The Year Ahead

http://www.gilcommunity.com/blog/warning-more-manufacturing-cyber-attacks-year-ahead/

This was always on the cards, greater the advancement in technology greater is the opportunity for hackers to hack the systems.

There are many industries where they do not know the value of a very good network built with good security. These people in order to cut down the spending, opt for a network with lesser security which is available at a lower price and pay a much heavier price when the network is hacked. So, people show think about the long term future and spend a little more on secured networks.

Is Reshoring Dead?

http://www.gilcommunity.com/blog/reshoring-dead/

This trend shows that many countries have enough infrastructure and resources to substitute a cheap labor manufacturing firms. Some of the eastern countries like Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Malaysia have certainly eased companies of depending on China. India now has some of the biggest manufacturing units with great infrastructure and state of the art facilities to manufacture goods with six sigma quality.

Executive Summaries of all assignments

Executive Summary Assignment 1:

  1. US bottled water sales could surpass soda by 2017:                                                           This article shows the growing demand of clean water than the soda which shows the health awareness of the people. This also shows that the authorities who provide water may not provide the best purified water which makes people to opt for expensive (when compared to water provided at houses) bottled water.Another thing which goes against this article is the production of plastic which is hazardous for the nature. May it be soda bottles or water bottles, both contribute towards the plastic bottle production which contributes towards high plastic production.Overall, the bottled water consumption is good keeping in mind the health of the people but at the same time it is hazardous for the nature.
  2. Verizon Program connecting millions of old cars:This new venture by Verizon is a good thing as old cars also get access to such high end technology. At the press of a button you have all the required information of your car and also it can automatically call a nearby mechanic when the need arises. This device can the best device for an old car. On the flip side you have a potential danger of the device being hacked and also your location may be obtained if hacked.

    Overall, its human safety which is important and this device would be recommended by me to be installed in all cars which also comes at a economical price which is not a burden on the pocket. Also, the makers of this device would have made the device in such a way that it cant be hacked so easily.

  3. NASA Crash Test:Crash test involves actual testing of the Cessna plane for retrieving vital data which are very vital for NASA and to their future projects. This involves crashing of numerous planes, lot of jet fuel and other sensors which gets destroyed in each crash test. But keeping in mind the human safety which is of optimum importance, crash test is required even though it destroys so much resources. Overall, this crash test reveals huge volume of data necessary for successful project of NASA which is always helpful for mankind.

Executive Summary Assignment 2:

  1. All Aboard Energy-Efficient Rail Transportation:

It is an excellent idea to capture the continuous cycle of energy being generated at the rail transit. In an era where there are more cars on the road than there are trees mass transport is an answer to conserve as much energy as possible.

This idea of using up the spent energy by the train to run the systems in the station is an excellent idea. This makes sure the renewable energy sources are conserved for a longer time when the energy spent on one transport is being reused by other nearby appliances. This idea will make people attract towards mass transport and also save some renewable sources for a longer span of time which is vital.

  1. Intel Takes On Car Hacking, Founds Auto Security Review Board:

Intel already showed a ready example of how an automobile can be hacked and can be taken to control of the person who has hacked the system. This shows the dark side of the automating the system. Although Intel creates a review board to make the system hack free, there exists a fear in the mind of the people of being hacked. Also there is no guarantee that any software or automated systems of not being hacked. Also a virus if enters such complex systems then it can create a lot of problems for the user and lead to fatal accidents.

Overall I am not convinced with the idea of hack free software that can control the working of an automobile. This is not a fool proof system. Also cost involved for all these things will be quite high and not affordable for all the poople.

  1. Autonomous Driving Not a Question of Technology:

The autonomous driving has a lot of problems to become a reality in near future. Starting with the simplest issues of this is the cost, the autonomous cars will be expensive and many people will not be able to afford these high end cars with such hi-tech technology.

Then consider the ever dangerous hacking of such cars which may lead to accidents. Also autonomous driving makes the driver license invalid since people who do not know driving also may take the cars around and also the under age children who will take those cars around.

Also if there is a manual mode enabled when the autonomous systems fail then people with no driving knowledge sitting in the car cannot do anything. These are the most serious issued in such an environment.

 

Executive Summary Assignment 3:

  1. 4K Video Drives Up LPDDR4 Densities:                                                                        The Samsung high end technology will be very beneficial for the people in the long run. These days most people want everything on the go. The mobile apps are extensively used for almost everything. This necessitates the need for a high end phone with good battery back up and also high memory. This is precisely what Samsung are working hard to make it a reality.                                                                                                         Also if such high end technology are integrated into automobile then such sophisticated systems can avoid accidents, keep a track on the maintenance of the car which are again very helpful to people.
  1. Tesla rolls out autopilot mode on Model S:                                                                    The autopilot car unveiled by Tesla takes us into the future of cars. Automated cars are the future of car. But there is an exception. Although the autopilot cars drive on their own, there should be a person who knows driving who is at the wheels while on autopilot mode to maneuver any software technical error by the software which can lead to accidents.                                                                                                                       Also such high technology cars should be cost effective and affordable for common man in the future. The people concerned with this technology should go for cost effective way of manufacturing such cars.                                                                                               Also people should think about the issues related to insurance and other legal things if the car meets with an accident while on autopilot mode. This is very important. Without this these cars cannot hit the market in a big way. The concerned people should decide about who is legally responsible for such accidents. As this is a serious issue.
  1. Attaining functional safety:                                                                                              The certification agencies for who certify that a standard processes are used to manufacture a product with adequate safety features should be careful in analyzing the products. They must ensure the companies are more focused on the quality and safety practices while manufacturing a product.                                                                      Also these agencies must check how the products eradicate the predictable failures and also how they account for random failures of the product.Usually the backup procedures followed are important because those processes are not proper then it leads to huge damages.

Executive Summary Assignment 4:

  1. India launches first ISRO space laboratory:                                                                        India’s successful launch of ISRO space laboratory is headed in right direction. The successful launch of Mars Orbiter Mission showed the World that outer space can be explored with high end technologies at a reasonable cost. While the US spent millions of dollars on the similar kind of mission, ISRO spent 1/10th the amount what US had spent. This is a right move of science in outer space. Further studies of outer space can be conducted with proper use of technology and proper cost planning. This will give us valuable insight into the outer space where there are much to be discovered.
  2. Toyota Launches Hydrogen-Fueled Sedan:   This is a great move from Toyota to invest in hydrogen fueled sedan. Toyota is a world class automobile manufacturer. If this Sedan is a success then it leads to eco friendly cars which runs on hydrogen which is abundantly available This saves the non renewable sources of fuel to last long. Also this reduces pollution and carbon footprint which saves our environment. These vehicles wont emit the harmful gases like the cars run on conventional sources of fuel.If Toyota can come up with this kind of Sedan at an affordable price then the entire mankind and also all living beings will be benefited.
  3. Japanese manufacturers automate to meet growing demand for aircraft parts:                This is another good initiative by Japanese to automate the firms manufacturing the aircrafts. Usually, the manufacturing and assembling of aircraft parts take a long time because of high precision and accuracy and also parts being very bulky. Automating them will make the parts more accurate and productivity.                                               Air traffic is increasing at high rate every year. So, automating the manufacturing of aircraft parts will ensure more aircrafts are manufactured and more aircrafts are available for people to fly.                                                                                      Japanese are known to produce high quality products and also they always aim for total quality and the end product will attain 100% quality which ensures total safety for people in the aircraft.

Executive Summary Assignment for Midterm:

  1. All-Electric Porsche Concept Includes Heads-Up Holograms:                                      This electric Porsche has a driving range of 500km for a single charge which is such a good thing. When electric cars are being manufactured by top automobile companies, the customers believe that the electric cars can match up with the cars that are run on conventional fuels in terms of power, style and design. Also these cars are incorporated with high end technology like the holographic display, a camera in the dashboard is used for eye tracking which shows the technical advancement in the electric cars. This can pull in more customers to buy electric cars from various manufacturers. This will have a positive effect on the conservation of non renewable fuels and also zero emission from such cars will have a positive effect on the environment which benefits the living beings on a whole.
  1. Solar Road in the Netherlands:                                                                                      This is such a great initiative by the consortium which was behind this pilot project of Solar road which involved using solar panels inducted into the road to tap the solar energy and convert it into electrical energy and use this for lighting the street lights and other lights along the road. If this is a success then it can benefit the mankind. There are many countries which are still banking on thermal power plant to provide electricity to many houses in their country. If this eco friendly way of producing power is a success then one can imagine the amount of electricity that can be generated in a single town. This technology can greatly benefit countries which receive intense sunlight throughout the year.
  1. Tesla Makes First Acquisition:                                                                                     Tesla was the first company which successfully launched an electric racing car and then subsequently launched a sedan class car also. These cars were really expensive for a common man to buy. The aim of Tesla is to manufacture cars which are affordable to a common man. This acquisition makes their aim all more realistic. This can significantly reduce the cost that they have to put in to get the plastic parts for the cars. Also this shows that the company is in good health in terms of cash flow. Also this acquisition shows that the company is making every effort to make their aim a reality. This can again be helpful to save the non renewable fuel and also environment friendly.

Executive Summary Assignment 5:

  1. Gigafactory of Tesla in Germany?

If things go as planned, then soon Tesla will be setting up a second gigafactory in Germany, the house of many great automobile companies. This can help Tesla to commercialize the use of electric vehicles which was not given a serious thought by big automobile companies until Tesla showed the intent. For such widespread use to EV, such Gigafactories have to be set up across many countries. This is a great step in a right direction which can save the environment from getting more polluted. This can also inspire the giant automobile industries to bring out EV. Their brand name can drive this new sector to a new level and also contribute to save the environment to reduce the emission of harmful gases in terms of vehicles exhausts and save the fossil fuels for a longer time.

  1. Panasonic aims to make India a global manufacturing hub.

The target set by Panasonic is indeed very high which is $4.9 billion by March 2019. To achieve this target, India plays a vital role. If the man power, advanced technologies are harnessed properly then India can be a manufacturing hub exporting the goods to middle Eastern countries and also Africa. This can actually drive a new wave in terms of industries in India. There can be many leading companies which will follow the suit if Panasonic successfully reach their target. Large industries like Toyota, Volvo have their manufacturing units in India. If they too make proper investment to automate their entire firm then they can manufacture more units and earn even more profits.

  1. Toyota to establish $1 billion US based Robotics and R&D company.

This is a good news for the automobile industry. The big players of automobile industries are investing on robotics taking into account the immense future it holds for all manufacturing firms. This can make Toyota to manufacture better cars with zero defect. Also when talented individuals are give proper platform to prosper then surely they can deliver so many innovative things which are helpful for the organization. The plant is planned to come up in a location which is nearby to both MIT and Standford thereby Toyota can tap the best talents and invest on them for R&D in robotics which will surely be helpful for Toyota.

Executive Summary Assignment 6:

  1. US Study Reveals the Best Plants For Green Roofs:

This is an incredible way to increase the green covers in the urban jungles. It provides a way to cool the building from the top, also acts as good green space which provides fresh air to people when they venture out in the terrace of the building and there are some vegetables which can be grown at the terrace garden, organic manure can be used to grow them which gives more nutritive value than the vegetables grown using the chemical fertilizers.

Also people who are opting for green roofs should be careful of which all plants can grow out in the roof top without damaging the building. There are many such plants which can actually damage the building by growing their roots very deep. The selection of plants must be carefully done.

  1. In Greenland, another major glacier comes undone:

This news just provides more ground to prove that the global warming is at an all time high level and if this continues like this then we can stare at more disasters. Atleast now human beings should realize that they have destroyed the nature to the maximum extent. They should now start conserving nature in every possible way.

Also if this global warming continues at the current rate, the Himalayas will completely melt, Antarctica will lose a lot of snow covering which releases more water into the ocean. The coastal cities gets drowned completely among them New York and Mumbai will be severely affected or completely drowned. So, this should serve as a wake up call.

  1. Disaster relief humanoids unveiled at Japan’s robot exhibition:

This invention can help many people during natural disaster. This will be such a good invention if everything falls in place. The kind of harsh environment that prevails during a natural disaster makes it very tough for human beings to help each other. If this robot can take up big tasks then it can go a long way to help the entire mankind.

If you consider this robot, this innovation helps not just Japan but the entire mankind. These robots can be employed at any places which has been affected by a natural calamity or disaster.

Links for Assignment 6

Assignment Link 6: https://prashanthmuralidhar.wordpress.com/2015/12/07/assignment-6/

Social Networking Articles:

https://prashanthmuralidhar.wordpress.com/2015/12/05/disaster-relief-humanoids-unveiled-at-japans-robot-exhibition/

https://prashanthmuralidhar.wordpress.com/2015/12/05/us-study-reveals-the-best-plants-for-green-roofs/

https://prashanthmuralidhar.wordpress.com/2015/12/05/in-greenland-another-major-glacier-comes-undone/

 

Executive Summaries:

https://prashanthmuralidhar.wordpress.com/2015/12/07/executive-summaries-for-assignment-6/

Executive Summaries of all Social Networking articles:

https://prashanthmuralidhar.wordpress.com/2015/12/07/executive-summaries-of-all-assignments/

 

 

Executive Summaries for Assignment 6

Executive Summaries

  1. US Study Reveals the Best Plants For Green Roofs:

This is an incredible way to increase the green covers in the urban jungles. It provides a way to cool the building from the top, also acts as good green space which provides fresh air to people when they venture out in the terrace of the building and there are some vegetables which can be grown at the terrace garden, organic manure can be used to grow them which gives more nutritive value than the vegetables grown using the chemical fertilizers.

Also people who are opting for green roofs should be careful of which all plants can grow out in the roof top without damaging the building. There are many such plants which can actually damage the building by growing their roots very deep. The selection of plants must be carefully done.

  1. In Greenland, another major glacier comes undone:

This news just provides more ground to prove that the global warming is at an all time high level and if this continues like this then we can stare at more disasters. Atleast now human beings should realize that they have destroyed the nature to the maximum extent. They should now start conserving nature in every possible way.

Also if this global warming continues at the current rate, the Himalayas will completely melt, Antarctica will lose a lot of snow covering which releases more water into the ocean. The coastal cities gets drowned completely among them New York and Mumbai will be severely affected or completely drowned. So, this should serve as a wake up call.

  1. Disaster relief humanoids unveiled at Japan’s robot exhibition:

This invention can help many people during natural disaster. This will be such a good invention if everything falls in place. The kind of harsh environment that prevails during a natural disaster makes it very tough for human beings to help each other. If this robot can take up big tasks then it can go a long way to help the entire mankind.

If you consider this robot, this innovation helps not just Japan but the entire mankind. These robots can be employed at any places which has been affected by a natural calamity or disaster.

Assignment 6

ASSIGNMENT 5

  1. Explain why continual quality improvement is important. Continuous improvement in a management context means a never-ending effort to expose and eliminate root causes of problems. Usually, it involves many incremental or small-step improvements rather than one overwhelming innovation.                              The term Continuous Process Improvement also serves as an umbrella spanning a great many improvement processes with different and more exotic names. While these various techniques appear quite different on the surface, experts in these respective fields generally acknowledge that most share a common theme. This is a fundamental thing for an organization to be successful globally. They need to serve the customers whose needs are changing continually and this is where an organization who seek continual quality improvement wins against the stagnant organization. This can be achieved by following the activities shown below.

 

  1. What is management’s role in continual quality improvement?           Management can play the necessary leadership role- and that essentially is its role-in continual improvement by doing following steps:New Doc 2_1
  • Establishing an organization wide quality council and serving on it.
  • Working with the quality council to establish specific quality improvements goals with timetables and target dates.
  • Providing the necessary moral and physical support. Moral support manifests itself as commitment. Physical support comes in the form of the resources needed to accomplish the quality improvement objectives.
  • Scheduling periodic progress reviews and giving recognition where it is deserved.
  • Building continual quality improvements into the regular reward system, including promotions and pay increases.

 

  1. Discuss the Kaizen approach.

 

New Doc 2_2

Kaizen is a Japanese word meaning continuous improvement. It’s made up of two characters in Japanese: kai, which means ‘change,’ and ‘zen,’ which means ‘good.’ It’s used to describe a company culture where everyone, from the CEO to the front desk clerk, regularly evaluates his or her work and thinks of ways to improve it. The concept is that small steps on a regular basis will lead to large improvements over time.

 

Kaizen is a slow but ongoing process of improvement, not a ‘blitz’ or quickly implemented set of changes. The improvements are suggested by the person doing the work, not an outside evaluation team. If a worker has a problem to address or is considering whether a change will make sense, he should pull in several team members for a quick discussion and brainstorming session, and then decide what to do from there.

 

Role of executive management: They are responsible for establishing Kaizen as the overriding corporate strategy and communicating this commitment to all levels of the organization: allocating the resources necessary for Kaizen to work: establishing appropriate policies, ensuring full deployment of kaizen policies and establishing system, procedures and structures that promote kaizen.

 

Role middle managers: Middle managers are responsible for implementing kaizen policies established by executive management; establishing, maintaining and improving work standards: ensuring that employees receive the training necessary to understand and implement kaizen and ensuring that employees learn how to use all applicable problem solving tools.

 

Role of supervisors: They are responsible for applying the kaizen approach in their functional rules, developing plans for carrying out the kaizen approach at the functional level, improving communication in the workplace, maintaining morale , providing coaching for teamwork activities, soliciting kaizen suggestions from employees, and making kaizen suggestions.

 

  1. How would you describe a lean system?

Lean production is an assembly-line methodology developed originally for Toyota and the manufacturing of automobiles. It is also known as the Toyota Production System or just-in-time production. Lean production principles are also referred to as lean management or lean thinking.

 

Lean management seeks to eliminate any waste of time, effort or money by identifying each step in a business process and then revising or cutting out steps that do not create value. The philosophy has its roots in manufacturing.

 

Guiding principles for lean management include:

  • Defining value from the standpoint of the end customer.
  • Identifying each step in a business process and eliminating those steps that do not create value.
  • Making the value-creating steps occur in tight sequence.
  • Repeating the first three steps on a continuous basis until all waste has been eliminated.

 

  1. What is lean six sigma and how would you apply it to a quality management system?

 

Lean management seeks to eliminate any waste of time, effort or money by identifying each step in a business process and then revising or cutting out steps that do not create value. The philosophy has its roots in manufacturing.

 

The process has three key stages:

 

Stage 1 – Identify Waste

According to the Lean philosophy, waste always exists, and no matter how good your process is right now, it can always be better. This commitment to continuous improvement is known as Kaizen Add to My Personal Learning Plan.

One of the key tools used to find this waste is a Value Stream Map Add to My Personal Learning Plan (VSM). This shows how materials and processes flow through your organization to bring your product or service to the consumer. It looks at how actions and departments are connected, and it highlights the waste. As you analyze the VSM, you’ll see the processes that add value and those that don’t. You can then create a “future state” VSM that includes as few non-value-adding activities as possible.

 

Stage 2 – Analyze the Waste, and Find the Root Cause

For each waste you identified in the first stage, figure out what’s causing it by using Root Cause Analysis Add to My Personal Learning Plan. If a machine is constantly breaking down, you might think the problem is mechanical and decide to purchase a new machine. But Root Cause Analysis could show that the real problem is poorly trained operators who don’t use the machine properly. Other effective tools for finding a root cause include Brainstorming

 

Stage 3 – Solve the Root Cause, and Repeat the Cycle                                                          Using an appropriate problem-solving Add to My Personal Learning Plan process, decide what you must do to fix the issue to create more efficiency.

 

  1. Define benchmarking.

Benchmarking is a process for obtaining a measure – a benchmark. Simply stated, benchmarks are the “what,” and benchmarking is the “how.” But benchmarking is not a quick or simple process tool. Before undertaking a benchmarking opportunity, it is important to have a thorough understanding of the company’s guidelines. Some companies have strict guidelines as to what information can be gathered, and whom practitioners can contact to get that information. Depending on the size of the company, practitioners may be surprised at what is readily available in-house.

 

Benchmarking is not just a matter of making inquiries to other companies or touring and documenting another company’s facilities or processes. When making use of benchmarking, a company should not limit the scope to its own industry, nor should benchmarking be a one-time event.

 

  1. How can you apply benchmarking data?

It is important that Six Sigma practitioners have a thorough understanding of their own company’s guidelines before undertaking a benchmarking opportunity. The following is a list of the vital few steps involved in benchmarking. These steps should be tailored based on company policies, resource availability and the project or process one is dealing with:

 

  • Understand the company’s current process performance gaps. This will help decide what needs benchmarking.
  • Obtain support and approval from the executive leadership team. That approval and support will assist with eliminating roadblocks, providing adequate resources and expediting the benchmark-gathering process.
  • Document benchmarking objectives and scope. Agree on what to benchmark. Everyone must be in agreement on what to benchmark prior to any benchmark gathering initiative in order to understand gaps of low performers, understand impact to customers, associates and shareholders and prioritize and select one to three metrics to benchmark.
  • Develop a data collection plan.
  • Conduct a site visit.
  • Apply the learnings to performance gaps.
  • Communicate to the executive leadership to ensure continued support.
  • Develop a recommended implementation plan with process owner.
  • Know when to update and recalibrate.

 

  1. What is a JIT system?

Just In Time (JIT) is a production and inventory control system in which materials are purchased and units are produced only as needed to meet actual customer demand.

 

When Companies use Just in Time (JIT) manufacturing and inventory control system, they purchase materials and produce units only as needed to meet actual customers demand. In just in time manufacturing system inventories are reduced to the minimum and in some cases are zero. JIT approach can be used in both manufacturing and merchandising companies. It has the most profound effects, however, on the operations of manufacturing companies which maintain three class of inventories-raw material, Work in process, and finished goods. Traditionally, manufacturing companies have maintained large amounts of all three types of inventories to act as buffers so that operations can proceed smoothly even if there are unanticipated disruptions. Raw materials inventories provide insurance in case suppliers are late with deliveries. Work in process inventories are maintained in case a work station is unable to operate due to a breakdown or other reason. Finished goods inventories are maintained to accommodate unanticipated fluctuations in demand. While these inventories provide buffers against unforeseen events, they have a cost. In addition to the money tied up in the inventories, expert argue that the presence of inventories encourages inefficient and sloppy work, results in too many defects, and dramatically increase the amount of time required to complete a product.

 

  1. What are the benefits of JIT/lean?

By using just-in-time concepts, there is a greatly reduced need for raw materials and work-in-process, while finished goods inventories should be close to non-existent. The use of just-in-time inventory has the following advantages:

 

  • There should be minimal amounts of inventory obsolescence, since the high rate of inventory turnover keeps any items from remaining in stock and becoming obsolete.
  • Since production runs are very short, it is easier to halt production of one product type and switch to a different product to meet changes in customer demand.

The very low inventory levels mean that inventory holding costs (such as warehouse space) are minimized.

  • The company is investing far less cash in its inventory, since less inventory is needed.
  • Less inventory can be damaged within the company, since it is not held long enough for storage-related accidents to arise. Also, having less inventory gives materials handlers more room to maneuver, so they are less likely to run into any inventory and cause damage.
  • Production mistakes can be spotted more quickly and corrected, which results in fewer products being produced that contain defects.

 

  1. Discuss automation system ideas for JIT/lean.

New Doc 2_3

JIT is a pull system. The production schedule does not originate in a market forecast, although a great deal of market research is done to determine what customers want. The production demand comes from the customer. Moreover, the demand is made on the final assembly process by pulling finished products out of the factory. The operators of that process, in turn, place their pull demands on the preceding process, and that cycle is repeated until finally the pull demand reaches back to the material and part suppliers. Each process and each supplier is allowed to furnish only the quantity of its output needed by the succeeding process.

In this system, the customer demand is felt throughout the system, all the way to the factory suppliers and even beyond that. This system is simpler in eliminating entire functions such as material control, production control, warehousing and stocking.